9 août 2019

Fresh eyes can help you find things you may not otherwise have seen.

Fresh eyes can help you find things you may not otherwise have seen.

Below are a few plain things to consider when proofreading and editing:

The Purdue OWL website has even more detail on the proofreading process.

Students regularly underestimate the right time it can take to create an essay, in particular the look and researching stages.

Before beginning your essay, take a look at the Massey University assignment planning calculator.
You may be surprised how long the process that is whole!

If you only start your essay a few days before the due date, you will have to do things too quickly as you can see from the assignment planning calculator.

if you were to think regarding the essay/cake analogy, you need time and energy to mix all the ingredients properly, or the end result will never be what you need to share with you with other people!

To publish a 1000 word essay, ideally you ought to allow yourself about 3 weeks.

Let’s check out how an essay time management ‘cake’ could be divided in to slices:

You can observe that the biggest part of your energy is used on the planning/research elements and redrafting/editing/proofreading elements, which together should comprise around 60% of your time.

Have a look at another model to also see what you need to consider:

This is actually the final version of the chocolate essay. You may want to download it as a pdf document.

Since Spanish explorers cut back chocolate through the «  » new world «  », chocolate consumption has become a worldwide phenomenon. A derivative of the cacao bean, was consumed as a drink, only later achieving mass popularity in tablet or bar form at first, chocolate. However, chocolate’s inherent popularity does not equate to it possessing healthy properties, as suggested because of the title. The realities of chocolate tend to be more right down to earth; a number of the realities would be addressed in this essay. Chocolate has chemical properties that can influence mood and there is possible evidence for some positive impacts of chocolate on cardiovascular health. Yet, such positive attributes are counterbalanced somewhat because of the argument that, in a few instances, chocolate can be viewed a drug instead of a food. Moreover, there is the likelihood of some correlation between over-consumption of obesity and chocolate. Thus, it’s going to be argued that despite chocolate’s effect that is positive some cases on mood therefore the cardiovascular system it cheap research paper writers has additionally been connected to addiction and obesity.

Usage of chocolate is something that lots of enjoy, and there is evidence (Parker, Parker, & Brotchie, 2006) that high carbohydrate foods such as for example chocolate do have a ‘feel good’ effect. Moreover, Scholey and Owen (2013) in a systematic overview of the literature in the field point to several studies, such as for example Macht and Dettmer (2006) and Macht and Mueller (2007), which may actually confirm this effect. Yet, as Parker, Parker and Brotchie (2006, p. 150) note, the feeling results of chocolate « are as ephemeral as holding a chocolate in one’s mouth ». In addition, mood is one thing that is difficult to isolate and quantify, and aside from the study by Macht and Dettmer (2006) there is apparently research that is little any more term mood affecting influences of chocolate. Another point is raised by Macht and Dettmer (2006), whose study unearthed that positive responses to chocolate correlated more with anticipation and temporary pleasure that is sensory whereas guilt was also a statistically significant factor for most, for whom the ‘feel-good’ effect would be minimalised. The‘feel good’ effect and more negative emotions as these authors stress, “temporal tracking of both positive and negative emotions” (p.335) before and after consuming chocolate in future studies could help in further understanding.

Another possible influence that is positive of is upon cardiovascular health. Chocolate, processed accordingly, could be a provider of significant levels of heart-friendly flavanols (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002) which help in delaying blood clotting and reducing inflammation (Schramm et al., 2001). Such attributes of flavanols in chocolate need to be considered within the context of chocolate’s other components – approximately 30% fat, 61% carbohydrate, 6% protein and 3% liquid and minerals (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002). The key to maximising the benefits of flavanols in chocolate seems to lie when you look at the known degree of fats present. Cocoa, which will be simply chocolate minus the fat, is the most obvious candidate for maximising heart health, but as Hannum, Schmitz and Keen (2002) note, most cocoa products are made through an alkali process which destroys many flavanols. Optimal maximisation associated with the flavanols involves compounds that are such contained in cocoa and chocolate products at levels where they have been biologically active (Ariefdjohan & Savaiano, 2005).

The biological makeup of chocolate can be relevant in determining whether chocolate is much better regarded as a food or a drug, but the boundaries between indulgence and behaviour that is addictive unclear. Chocolate contains some biologically active elements including methylxanthines, and cannabinoid-like unsaturated essential fatty acids (Bruinsma & Taren, 1999) which could represent a neurochemical dependency prospect of chocolate, yet are present in exceedingly smaller amounts. Interestingly, and linked to chocolate and mood, Macdiarmid and Hetherington (1995) claim their study unearthed that “self-identified chocolate ‘addicts’” reported a correlation that is negative chocolate consumption and mood. This really is perhaps indicative of addictive or compulsive type behaviour. However, as Bruinsma and Taren (1999) note, eating chocolate can represent a sensory reward based, luxurious indulgence, based around texture, aroma and flavour anticipation, rather than a neurochemically induced craving. Yet, it is often argued that chocolate is sometimes used as a type of self-medication, especially in reference to magnesium deficiency. A study by Pennington (2000 in Steinberg, Bearden, & Keen 2003) noted that ladies do not generally meet US guidelines for trace elements, including magnesium. This correlates with earlier studies by Abraham and Lubran (1981), who found a high correlation between magnesium deficiency and nervous tension in females. Thus, tension-related chocolate cravings could possibly be a biological entity fuelled by magnesium deficiency. Overall, however, it would appear that the proportion of men and women chocolate that is using a drug rather than a food based sensory indulgence is small, though further research might prove enlightening.

A final point to consider pertaining to chocolate could be the perception that chocolate is related to obesity. An individual is thought as being obese when their Body Mass Index is greater than 30. The literature on chocolate and obesity has clearly demonstrated there are no correlations that are specific the two variables (Beckett, 2008; Lambert, 2009). This really is typified by the findings of Mellor (2013), who found that, over a period of eight weeks of eating 45 grams of chocolate per day, a team of adults demonstrated no weight increase that is significant. As Lambert (2009) notes, chocolate consumption alone is certainly not prone to cause obesity, unless large amounts of other calorie dense foods are consumed and this calorie dense intake is greater than required for bodily function, bearing in mind quantities of activity. The‘chocoholic’ that is stereotypical almost certainly going to consume a number of other sweet foods and get less likely to want to take exercise than other people, so chocolate consumption is just one possible variable when it comes to the sources of obesity.

Chocolate and obesity consumption seems to have no proven correlations. Yet, in this article, many chocolate focused arguments have now been presented, like the transient aftereffect of chocolate on mood as well as the undeniable fact that it is as more likely to create feelings of guilt as of well-being. Another possible positive dimension to chocolate is a correlation with cardiovascular health. Yet the potential great things about flavanols in chocolate are currently offset because of the fat/carbohydrate that is high of all kinds of chocolate. Whether chocolate is a food or a drug is also unclear. The literature outlines the chemical properties of chocolate which may help explain some addictive type behaviour, especially in regards to nervous tension in women, but there is also a powerful research focus on chocolate as a sensory-based indulgence. It can therefore be said that chocolate just isn’t a food that is healthy but can be enjoyed as part of an excellent and balanced lifestyle and diet.

‘Integrity’ pertains to ‘honesty’, and academic integrity involves writing in an honest way, in order for no body will think you might be claiming that words or ideas from another person are your personal. This is very important in academic writing in western countries, and you might be accused of plagiarism, which is a serious offence at university if you do not do this.

Plagiarism means someone that is using words, ideas or diagrams without acknowledgement.

Needless to say, when an essay is written by us we have to refer to other people’s ideas. We gave a number of the good reasons behind this before:

  • To exhibit respect for others’s ideas and work
  • To clearly identify information coming from another source
  • To distinguish an source that is external your interpretation or your own findings
  • To support your arguments that are own thus giving you more credibility
  • To exhibit proof of wide (and understood) reading